Port Wine is a fortified wine that results from the interruption of the fermentation process by adding brandy, hence keeping the residual sugar of the grape. Port is produced exclusively in the Wine Region of the Douro, in the North of Portugal and it can be divided into three distinct categories: white, tawny and ruby, having recently emerged a new one - rosé.
White Port is made exclusively from white grapes harvested in the Douro Wine Region, and assumes different styles, according to its degree of sweetness - the description of dry, medium-dry or sweet, being the last one called Lágrima. It is a young port wine, kept in wood casks where it ages for at least 3 years. It features a pale hay colour.
Tawny Ports are red wines that age in wooden casks and show different shades depending on their age. Colours may vary between intense red gradually mellowing to a golden-brown colour. With time "in-wood”, Tawnys also increase in aromatic complexity, intensifying the aromas of dried fruits (walnuts and almonds), wood, coffee and chocolate, amongst others. The most common references are Tawnys with Indication of Age and Colheitas. A Tawny Port always represents a blend of several batches, with different lengths of time in casks, and whose age average (10, 20, 30 and 40 years) stated on the label, grants that lot its special and unique characteristics..
Ruby Ports are young wines, fruity, with a deep red colour and intense flavour of red fruits, namely berries. Within Ruby Ports one finds the categories LBV (Late Bottle Vintage) and Vintage, upper-quality wines with unique characteristics. Vintages are wines produced with grapes harvested in a single year and bottled two years after the vintage. It ages in bottle where it can be kept for several decades. LBV is also a wine from a single harvest , but it is only bottled between four and six years after the harvest, and one can leave it to age in bottle or drink it while still young.