In this historic terroir of the winery, our vines have been rooted since the winery was founded five generations ago in 1874. In 1852, the municipality of Gigondas decided to auction its 12 hectares of garrigue. Shortly after, the winegrowers planted the first vines and discovered the magnificent stony red clay soils of the Quaternary. The roots of the vines have to push through 8 meters of barren and draining alluvial soils before reaching the deeper basis of blue clay. The Grenache loves this soil, and here expresses its full power. As being replanted for many years the proportion of Mourvèdre steadily increases and today arrives at 40%. It brings the wine freshness, licorice aromas and structure. This terroir creates deep, reputable wines, with spice and a dense tannin structure, as well as an exceptional longevity.
Origin : Plot of vines planted exclusively on the land of the Hautes Garrigues by which the area is named and which serves as the center of the domain.
The Domain Gigondas. A Provencal vineyard of great repute since the Gallo-Roman period owing to its red wines so full of character. The wine-growers make themselves abide by a strict set of rules : a maximum yield fixed at 36 hl per hectare, sorting of the grapes so as to keep only the best…
The Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah and Cinsault grape varieties of Santa Duc grow in two types of soils : the one being on the calcareous marls of the Cretaceous period on the area of Clos Derrière Vieille (the hillside behind the old Hospices of the village) ; the other being on the poor red stony clay soils of Quaternary period ; these areas are Les Hautes Garrigues, Les Carbonnières, Les Rocassières, Santa Duc, Les Pailleroudas, Le Goujard et Plane. The combination of these contrasting soils gives balanced wines, both full-bodied and yet elegant.
1874. The first buildings. Five generations have succeeded to the « Domain Santa Duc ». In turn, they each make their mark, raising the property up to being within the rank of the greatest of Gigondas. Generosity and willingness will be needed for the successions not to divide up the estate. Nowadays at last, the fruit of the work and the passion of this family is recognised throughout the entire world.
Respect. This governing word guides the decisions made by the winemaker. He considers the plant a living being in a state of equilibrium with its environment. He cares for it with gentleness. He also also seeks to maintain biodiversity and soil life through organic farming and biodynamic farming. The integral work of the soil, the care and respect of the canopy, disbudding… The ripe grapes are then picked by hand, partly or completely destemmed depending on the terroirs. They then infuse slowly, about ten days, to deliver red wine with complex aromas and fine tannins before being aged in large barrels.
At Santa Duc, we know how to keep it simple. The cold maceration of the harvests, fermentation with indigenous yeasts, ageing on fine lees, bottling without filtration… They also know how to apply new data found through research and to employ the best technicians.