To this very day, the Villa San Carlo holding is a 70-hectare unspoilt green oasis, enriched with dry-stone terraces used for vineyards. The holding is to the east of Verona, on the slopes of a hill facing the sunset, and its altitude varies between 100 and 270 metres a.s.l. Montorio dominates the landscape. This ancient village - established before the Roman age - is famous for its clear spring waters that flow underground and then emerge in a series of small lakes. Looking past the castle of the Scala family, on the slope of the hill opposite, the horizon opens out onto the splendid town of Verona, flanked by the shadows of the hill of Custoza. The hill, with its ancient dry terraces, has remained unbuilt, a green area with vineyards, olive groves and fruit orchards surrounded by woods. The distribution of the vineyards creates an interesting context in terms of altitude (which generates different microclimates) and in terms of geology (because the structure of the soil is complex and varied).
The Pavesi family bought the holding in 1958 and having observed the lay of the land, its orientation and its mild and ventilated climate, they decided to plant grape vines. Year after year they grew grape vines in strategic terraces at different heights, until they obtained the current 22 hectares immersed in woods and olive groves. From the very beginning the family grew varieties native to the Valpolicella region such as Corvina, Corvinone and Rondinella. They also added small areas with grapes that would enrich the wine with new fragrances and flavours such as Cabernet, Croatina and Teroldego. The dry, ventilated climate led the family to build the first fruit room in which to dry the grapes.
About ten years ago the family decided to make their own wine, selecting high quality fruit with great care, choosing the best grapes produced in the various vineyards to dry and to use for producing Amarone wine.
The region is characterised by calcareous soil, such as “scaglia rossa” (a type of red soil), in the higher areas and the presence of “biancone” (white soil) in the area at the foot of the hills. In the context of the hills, the presence of 10 hectares of olive groves and a large wooded area generate the biodiversity typical of this region. The local fauna - which includes badgers, weasels, martens, hares, fallow deer, roe deer, hedgehogs, porcupines, hawks, buzzards, owls and tawny owls - makes this area the perfect cradle for the production of wine and oil. The vineyards are cultivated on ancient dry-stone terraces that stretch over approximately 70 hectares and are surrounded by large wooded areas.
Their distribution creates an interesting environment in terms of altitude (by creating different microclimates) and in terms of geological context, giving the soil a complex and varied structure. The Corvina, Corvinone, Rondinella and Croatina grape varieties are monitored during the growth and ripening phases to ensure an excellent grape harvest without altering the regions morphology or damaging the environment. The crucial phase of grape ripening is carefully monitored to establish the best moment to begin harvesting, which generally starts between the beginning of September and the end of October.